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    [팁] lighttpd 설치 방법

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    작성자 슈퍼로그
    댓글 0건 조회 4,276회 작성일 11-07-28 21:39

    본문

    얼마 전에 lighttpd 를 설치하는 작업이 있어서 정리 해 보았습니다.
    SSL 설정 관련은 openssl을 설치하고 라이브러리 참조하여 lighttpd 컴파일 시 옵션을 같이 넣어주시면 됩니다.
    [회사 규정상 SSL 설치 관련은 공유 드릴 수 없어 SSL 내용만 제외 시키고 작성 하였습니다.]

    추가 . PCRE 설치

    [root@localhost ~]# yum install pcre-devel


    1. Zlib 설치

    [root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/local/src
    [root@localhost src]# wget 
    http://zlib.net/fossils/zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz
    [root@localhost src]# tar zxvf zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz
    [root@localhost src]# tar xvfz zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz
    [root@localhost src]# cd zlib-1.2.3
    [root@localhost zlib-1.2.3]# ./configure --shared
    [root@localhost zlib-1.2.3]# make
    [root@localhost zlib-1.2.3]# make install


    2. Lighttpd 설치


    [root@localhost src]# wget http://www.lighttpd.net/download/lighttpd-1.4.19.tar.gz
    [root@localhost src]# tar xvfz lighttpd-1.4.19.tar.gz
    [root@localhost src]# cd lighttpd-1.4.19
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# ./configure \
    --prefix=/usr/local/lighttpd \
    --enable-shared \
    --with-ldap \
    --with-pcre \
    --with-zlib \
    --without-bzip2
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# make
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# make install
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# pwd
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# /usr/local/src/lighttpd-1.4.19
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# sed -e 's/FOO/lighttpd/g' doc/rc.lighttpd.redhat > /etc/init.d/lighttpd
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/lighttpd
    LIGHTTPD_CONF_PATH="/usr/local/lighttpd/conf/lighttpd.conf" 로 수정
    lighttpd="/usr/local/lighttpd/sbin/lighttpd" 로 수정
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/lighttpd
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# vi /etc/sysconfig/lighttpd
    LIGHTTPD_CONF_PATH=/usr/local/lighttpd/conf/lighttpd.conf
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# useradd -s /sbin/nologin www
    [root@localhost lighttpd-1.4.19]# cd /usr/local/lighttpd/
    [root@localhost lighttpd]# mkdir conf logs htdocs
    [root@localhost lighttpd]# touch logs/error_log
    [root@localhost lighttpd]# touch logs/access_log
    [root@localhost lighttpd]# chown -Rf 
    www.www /usr/local/lighttpd/logs /usr/local/lighttpd/htdocs
    [root@localhost lighttpd]# chmod 100 logs/
    [root@localhost lighttpd]# chmod 711 conf/
    [root@localhost lighttpd]# cd conf/
    [root@localhost conf]# vi lighttpd.conf


    복사하여 붙여 넣기
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # lighttpd configuration file
    #
    # use it as a base for lighttpd 1.0.0 and above
    #
    # $Id: lighttpd.conf,v 1.7 2004/11/03 22:26:05 weigon Exp $


    ############ Options you really have to take care of ####################


    ## modules to load
    # at least mod_access and mod_accesslog should be loaded
    # all other module should only be loaded if really neccesary
    # - saves some time
    # - saves memory
    server.modules              = (
    #                               "mod_rewrite",
    #                               "mod_redirect",
    #                               "mod_alias",
                                    "mod_access",
    #                               "mod_cml",
    #                               "mod_trigger_b4_dl",
    #                               "mod_auth",
    #                               "mod_status",
    #                               "mod_setenv",
    #                               "mod_fastcgi",
    #                               "mod_proxy",
    #                               "mod_simple_vhost",
    #                               "mod_evhost",
    #                               "mod_userdir",
    #                               "mod_cgi",
    #                               "mod_compress",
    #                               "mod_ssi",
    #                               "mod_usertrack",
    #                               "mod_expire",
    #                               "mod_secdownload",
    #                               "mod_rrdtool",
                                    "mod_accesslog" )


    ## a static document-root, for virtual-hosting take look at the
    ## server.virtual-* options
    server.document-root        = "/usr/local/lighttpd/htdocs/"


    ## where to send error-messages to
    server.errorlog             = "/usr/local/lighttpd/logs/error_log"


    # files to check for if .../ is requested
    index-file.names            = ( "index.php", "index.html", "index.htm", "default.htm" )


    ## set the event-handler (read the performance section in the manual)
    # server.event-handler = "freebsd-kqueue" # needed on OS X


    # mimetype mapping
    mimetype.assign             = (
      ".pdf"          =>      "application/pdf",
      ".sig"          =>      "application/pgp-signature",
      ".spl"          =>      "application/futuresplash",
      ".class"        =>      "application/octet-stream",
      ".ps"           =>      "application/postscript",
      ".torrent"      =>      "application/x-bittorrent",
      ".dvi"          =>      "application/x-dvi",
      ".gz"           =>      "application/x-gzip",
      ".pac"          =>      "application/x-ns-proxy-autoconfig",
      ".swf"          =>      "application/x-shockwave-flash",
      ".tar.gz"       =>      "application/x-tgz",
      ".tgz"          =>      "application/x-tgz",
      ".tar"          =>      "application/x-tar",
      ".zip"          =>      "application/zip",
      ".mp3"          =>      "audio/mpeg",
      ".m3u"          =>      "audio/x-mpegurl",
      ".wma"          =>      "audio/x-ms-wma",
      ".wax"          =>      "audio/x-ms-wax",
      ".ogg"          =>      "application/ogg",
      ".wav"          =>      "audio/x-wav",
      ".gif"          =>      "image/gif",
      ".jpg"          =>      "image/jpeg",
      ".jpeg"         =>      "image/jpeg",
      ".png"          =>      "image/png",
      ".xbm"          =>      "image/x-xbitmap",
      ".xpm"          =>      "image/x-xpixmap",
      ".xwd"          =>      "image/x-xwindowdump",
      ".css"          =>      "text/css",
      ".html"         =>      "text/html",
      ".htm"          =>      "text/html",
      ".js"           =>      "text/javascript",
      ".asc"          =>      "text/plain",
      ".c"            =>      "text/plain",
      ".cpp"          =>      "text/plain",
      ".log"          =>      "text/plain",
      ".conf"         =>      "text/plain",
      ".text"         =>      "text/plain",
      ".txt"          =>      "text/plain",
      ".dtd"          =>      "text/xml",
      ".xml"          =>      "text/xml",
      ".mpeg"         =>      "video/mpeg",
      ".mpg"          =>      "video/mpeg",
      ".mov"          =>      "video/quicktime",
      ".qt"           =>      "video/quicktime",
      ".avi"          =>      "video/x-msvideo",
      ".asf"          =>      "video/x-ms-asf",
      ".asx"          =>      "video/x-ms-asf",
      ".wmv"          =>      "video/x-ms-wmv",
      ".bz2"          =>      "application/x-bzip",
      ".tbz"          =>      "application/x-bzip-compressed-tar",
      ".tar.bz2"      =>      "application/x-bzip-compressed-tar"
     )


    # Use the "Content-Type" extended attribute to obtain mime type if possible
    #mimetype.use-xattr        = "enable"



    ## send a different Server: header
    ## be nice and keep it at lighttpd
    server.tag                 = "lighttpd/1.4.19"


    #### accesslog module
    accesslog.filename          = "/usr/local/lighttpd/logs/access_log"


    ## deny access the file-extensions
    #
    # ~    is for backupfiles from vi, emacs, joe, ...
    # .inc is often used for code includes which should in general not be part
    #      of the document-root
    url.access-deny             = ( "~", ".inc" )


    $HTTP["url"] =~ "\.pdf$" {
      server.range-requests = "disable"
    }


    ##
    # which extensions should not be handle via static-file transfer
    #
    # .php, .pl, .fcgi are most often handled by mod_fastcgi or mod_cgi
    static-file.exclude-extensions = ( ".php", ".pl", ".fcgi" )


    ######### Options that are good to be but not neccesary to be changed #######


    ## bind to port (default: 80)
    server.port                = 80


    ## bind to localhost (default: all interfaces)
    #server.bind                = "grisu.home.kneschke.de"


    ## error-handler for status 404
    #server.error-handler-404   = "/error-handler.html"
    #server.error-handler-404   = "/error-handler.php"


    ## to help the rc.scripts
    #server.pid-file            = "/var/run/lighttpd.pid"



    ###### virtual hosts
    ##
    ##  If you want name-based virtual hosting add the next three settings and load
    ##  mod_simple_vhost
    ##
    ## document-root =
    ##   virtual-server-root + virtual-server-default-host + virtual-server-docroot
    ## or
    ##   virtual-server-root + http-host + virtual-server-docroot
    ##
    #simple-vhost.server-root   = "/home/weigon/wwwroot/servers/"
    #simple-vhost.default-host  = "grisu.home.kneschke.de"
    #simple-vhost.document-root = "/pages/"



    ##
    ## Format: <errorfile-prefix><status-code>.html
    ## -> ..../status-404.html for 'File not found'
    #server.errorfile-prefix    = "/home/weigon/projects/lighttpd/doc/status-"


    ## virtual directory listings
    #dir-listing.activate       = "enable"


    ## enable debugging
    #debug.log-request-header   = "enable"
    #debug.log-response-header  = "enable"
    #debug.log-request-handling = "enable"
    #debug.log-file-not-found   = "enable"


    ### only root can use these options
    #
    # chroot() to directory (default: no chroot() )
    #server.chroot              = "/"


    ## change uid to <uid> (default: don't care)
    server.username            = "www"


    ## change uid to <uid> (default: don't care)
    server.groupname           = "www"


    #### compress module
    #compress.cache-dir         = "/tmp/lighttpd/cache/compress/"
    #compress.filetype          = ("text/plain", "text/html")


    #### proxy module
    ## read proxy.txt for more info
    #proxy.server               = ( ".php" =>
    #                               ( "localhost" =>
    #                                 (
    #                                   "host" => "192.168.0.101",
    #                                   "port" => 80
    #                                 )
    #                               )
    #                             )


    #### fastcgi module
    ## read fastcgi.txt for more info
    ## for PHP don't forget to set cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1 in the php.ini
    #fastcgi.server             = ( ".php" =>
    #                               ( "localhost" =>
    #                                 (
    #                                   "socket" => "/tmp/php-fastcgi.socket",
    #                                   "bin-path" => "/usr/local/bin/php"
    #                                 )
    #                               )
    #                            )


    #### CGI module
    #cgi.assign                 = ( ".pl"  => "/usr/bin/perl",
    #                               ".cgi" => "/usr/bin/perl" )
    #


    #### SSL engine
    #ssl.engine                 = "enable"
    #ssl.pemfile                = "C:/lighttpd/sbin/server.pem"


    #### status module
    #status.status-url          = "/server-status"
    #status.config-url          = "/server-config"


    #### auth module
    ## read authentication.txt for more info
    #auth.backend               = "plain"
    #auth.backend.plain.userfile = "lighttpd.user"
    #auth.backend.plain.groupfile = "lighttpd.group"


    #auth.backend.ldap.hostname = "localhost"
    #auth.backend.ldap.base-dn  = "dc=my-domain,dc=com"
    #auth.backend.ldap.filter   = "(uid=$)"


    #auth.require               = ( "/server-status" =>
    #                               (
    #                                 "method"  => "digest",
    #                                 "realm"   => "download archiv",
    #                                 "require" => "user=jan"
    #                               ),
    #                               "/server-config" =>
    #                               (
    #                                 "method"  => "digest",
    #                                 "realm"   => "download archiv",
    #                                 "require" => "valid-user"
    #                               )
    #                             )


    #### url handling modules (rewrite, redirect, access)
    #url.rewrite                = ( "^/$"             => "/server-status" )
    #url.redirect               = ( "^/wishlist/(.+)" => "
    http://www.123.org/$1" )
    #### both rewrite/redirect support back reference to regex conditional using %n
    #$HTTP["host"] =~ "^www\.(.*)" {
    #  url.redirect            = ( "^/(.*)" => "
    http://%1/$1" )
    #}


    #
    # define a pattern for the host url finding
    # %% => % sign
    # %0 => domain name + tld
    # %1 => tld
    # %2 => domain name without tld
    # %3 => subdomain 1 name
    # %4 => subdomain 2 name
    #
    #evhost.path-pattern        = "/home/storage/dev/www/%3/htdocs/"


    #### expire module
    #expire.url                 = ( "/buggy/" => "access 2 hours", "/asdhas/" => "access plus 1 seconds 2 minutes")


    #### ssi
    #ssi.extension              = ( ".shtml" )


    #### rrdtool
    #rrdtool.binary             = "/usr/bin/rrdtool"
    #rrdtool.db-name            = "/var/www/lighttpd.rrd"


    #### setenv
    #setenv.add-request-header  = ( "TRAV_ENV" => "mysql://user@host/db" )
    #setenv.add-response-header = ( "X-Secret-Message" => "42" )


    ## for mod_trigger_b4_dl
    # trigger-before-download.gdbm-filename = "/home/weigon/testbase/trigger.db"
    # trigger-before-download.memcache-hosts = ( "127.0.0.1:11211" )
    # trigger-before-download.trigger-url = "^/trigger/"
    # trigger-before-download.download-url = "^/download/"
    # trigger-before-download.deny-url = "
    http://127.0.0.1/index.html"
    # trigger-before-download.trigger-timeout = 10


    ## for mod_cml
    ## don't forget to add index.cml to server.indexfiles
    # cml.extension               = ".cml"
    # cml.memcache-hosts          = ( "127.0.0.1:11211" )


    #### variable usage:
    ## variable name without "." is auto prefixed by "var." and becomes "var.bar"
    #bar = 1
    #var.mystring = "foo"


    ## integer add
    #bar += 1
    ## string concat, with integer cast as string, result: "
    www.foo1.com"
    #server.name = "www." + mystring + var.bar + ".com"
    ## array merge
    #index-file.names = (foo + ".php") + index-file.names
    #index-file.names += (foo + ".php")


    #### include
    #include /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd-inc.conf
    ## same as above if you run: "lighttpd -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf"
    #include "lighttpd-inc.conf"


    #### include_shell
    #include_shell "echo var.a=1"
    ## the above is same as:
    #var.a=1
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    여기까지


    3. lighttpd 시작

    [root@localhost conf]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/lighttpd start

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